Fix The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable

While using the USB drive, you must have encountered the error of Drive is Not Accessible The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable Windows PC Error.

This error occurs if the file, directory, FAT (File Allocation Table), MFT (Master File Table), or USB stick is corrupted for some reason. If this error happens to your system, then you cannot access the data and the files located on the drive will result in data loss. The RAW file system creates the illusion that the drive is newly manufactured and that it has not been formatted.

The cause of the error The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable

There are many reasons for The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable error. It is essential to know the root cause so that you can fix this error. Here are some common reasons for this error.

Due to some physical damage

Physical damage leads to many problems. If you’ve broken your computer, then you should be ready to face the consequences. The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable error can also occur due to physical damage such as fire or water. In that case, you will be required to bring your PC to professional repair centers.

Damage in File System

You must have seen that the default file system for data on the device is FAT or NTFS. Ỗ disks are usually formatted under FAT 16 or 32 system and external hard drives are based on NFTS system because they have more than 32GB of storage capacity. Here, any of them can be corrupted due to internal problems, which can lead to The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable error.

How to fix The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable with Chkdsk Command

Chkdsk.exe is a command line tool provided by Windows to check and repair volume errors. To run this command, follow these steps:

  1. Click the Start button.
  2. Enter the command in the search bar, but don’t press the button Enter.
  3. Hold down CTRL + Shift on the keyboard and press ENTER.
  4. You will now get a dialog asking for permission.
  5. Press Yes to agree.
  6. Command Prompt will be opened with Run as administrator.
  7. In the command prompt, type chkdsk /fd: and then press Enter. EASY represents the drive with the unreadable partition. This will depend on the affected drive.
  8. It will take some time to complete this process.

If the command does not run and a message says Chkdsk cannot be run, enter Y and press Enter. Now restart your PC and continue to check the disk for The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable error.

Partition Format

In case the above step does not help you to fix The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable error, deleting the partition is not very important. At this point, formatting the partition is the recommended solution. The decompression process will configure the hard drive with the new file system, then the old and damaged file system will be replaced. Note that all files in the partition will be deleted. Need to consider before doing!

  1. Connect the drive to the computer, then open Windows Explorer.
  2. Right click on the treat and then select the “Format” option.
  3. Choose the file system format you will need or just leave it as default and then select the Quick Format option. Finally, click Start to format the drive.
Fix The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable by formatting the partition

Check the bad sector of the partitions

PartitionGuru is a handy tool that can help you recover data, backup your system, manage partitions, check and repair bad sectors, fix and resolve The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable errors.

  1. Download PartitionGuru and then install the app. After launching the application, you may see an interface like below. You can see that all disk and partition information is highlighted in this application.
  2. Now, select the partition that is failing The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable. Then click on the Disk menu and click Verify or Repair Bad Sectors. The program will start scanning the partition.
PartitionGuru is a tool to help you solve The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable error

After the scan is finished, it will tell you how many bad sectors are present on your drive. It will also ask you whether you want to fix them or not. Choose drive repair and it might solve The File or Directory is a Corrupted and Unreadable error problem.

Recover data from damaged or unreadable partition

In case the files on the drive show errors, you may want to improve them. PartitionGuru also helps to recover files from damaged disks. Just follow the steps below to get the necessary files back.

  • If The File or Directory is Corrupted and Unreadable error occurs with the USB drive, connect it to your computer. If this error occurs in Windows 7 located on your hard disk, just run the PartitionGuru application.
  • If the file system in the damaged partition is NTFS, you can select the drive and then select Load Current Partition Intelligently from Tools. If the NTFS drive is not severely damaged, the files will show up in the PartitionGuru software without any scanning. Now you can simply save the files anywhere you want. But note that this feature will not work for FAT partitions.
Recover data from partition - figure 1
  • In case if the above step fails, select the damaged partition and then click the File Recovery button from the toolbar. Now in the Recover Files window, select Complete Recover and then click the Start button. This will recover lost files from RAW as well as damaged and formatted partitions.
Recover data from partition - figure 2
  • After scanning, all files will be displayed. If you select a file, you will see a thumbnail at the bottom. You can preview all file types here and then restore them by right clicking on the files and choosing copy and save them to a safe location.
Recover data from partition - figure 3

So you already know how to fix The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable error, hope this article helps you add a lot of new knowledge and can help you fix the error quickly, good luck!

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